Collection and transport
There are a number of different systems for collecting and transporting household waste. Household food and residual waste can be collected either as a mixed fraction for energy recovery or in separate fractions – one for food waste and one for combustible waste. The waste is then usually collected in separate bins – one for food waste and one for combustible waste.
Mixed combustible residual waste from singlefamily houses is generally collected in 190 litre bins that are emptied every fortnight. There are also a number of different bag and bin sizes emptied at different intervals. Waste from apartment blocks is usually collected on a weekly basis.
To achieve higher levels of material recycling, kerbside collection of packaging and newspapers from households is increasing. There are also different methods at work in relation to kerbside collection of packaging and newspapers from households. One method is the four-compartment system. This means that the property has two large bins with four compartments each, a total of eight fractions. There are also variants with different numbers of compartments in the bins.
There is also collection of different fractions in different coloured bags, which are then sorted optically. In apartment blocks with kerbside collection of packaging and newspapers, fractions are collected in separate bins. Here too, you can find collection with different coloured bags for different fractions, followed by optical sorting.
Over 60 percent of the contents of household rubbish bags could be recycled. This can be food waste, packaging and recyclable paper. Half a percent of the contents of rubbish bags consists of hazardous waste, batteries and waste from electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE), but mostly WEEE. This is shown in a survey from Avfall Sverige.