Vehicles and fuel
Traditional rear-loading vehicles are still the most predominant waste collection vehicles, but sideloading vehicles are also common and the proportion of multi-compartment vehicles is growing as municipalities transition to collection in multi-compartment bins.
The choice of fuel can be controlled by the requirements the municipality sets during procurement. A large number of municipalities use biogas as fuel. From 2015 to 2016 there was a clear shift from fossil diesel to various forms of biodiesel, such as HVO, which is a synthetic diesel made from e.g. slaughterhouse or grain waste.
Hybrid electric vehicles and electric vehicles have great potential for the waste industry and are being tested here and there, albeit on a smaller scale. In addition to the environmental benefits, electric vehicles also significantly reduce noise levels during operation and emptying.
Through procurement, municipalities can impose requirements on the adaptation of waste bins and vehicles for health and safety at work.